SD Pharmaceuticals is the Cutting-Edge, Ingredient Company. The Research Team at SD Pharmaceuticals only produces the most sophisticated ingredients and formulas, and those which are clinically validated in human research studies. If there isn't any solid research behind an ingredient, then SD Pharmaceuticals' researchers won't use it! That's what really distinguishes SD Pharmaceuticals from every other sports supplement company out there. On top of that, SD Pharmaceuticals only uses the most potent forms of every ingredient available, which includes pharmaceutical-grade synthetics and exclusive standardized herbal extracts.